In an IELTS class, we were talking about our families, particularly about grandparents and great-grandparents, and about getting older. While looking at photos on each other’s phones one student asked the question: “why are older people’s ears bigger than young people’s?” This seemed like a strange question but, as we discovered, it wasn’t.
Before reading the science article below, check the meaning of the 7 useful academic IELTS words in the box and then put them into the correct space.
|concurred research validity phenomenon journal produced mean|
As people age we may notice that their ears appear to get bigger but does this really happen? The scientific ________of this frequent observation has sometimes been challenged by those who maintain that ears do not grow larger with age. They say that, in fact, this is just an illusion ________ by the shrinking of the main body which then gives the appearance of ear growth. Is there actually any valid scientific research into the ________?
In 1994, Drs A Smith and K Young, based at LMT in the University of Prepbyrn measured the ears of 2,138 children and adolescents. They reported in the medical ________ “Paediatrics Today” that, with age, ear length increases at a steady pace year on year. Dr Jane Amery, a GP based in Paris, Texas studied 314 with the ________ age of 69. She found that, on average, ears get bigger by 0.18mm a year.
In 1995, The Irish Medical Journal, published a study that ________ with Dr Amery. Their longitudinal study of 350 patients aged 30 and older concluded that "there is a strong correlation with ear size and age”. So, why do ears grow longer with age? That is a question for further ________.